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Čo je súbor Robots.txt

Čo je Robots.txt pre webovú lokalitu SEO Knowledge Base?

Robots.txt is a text file that serves as a powerful tool for website owners and SEO professionals to communicate instructions to search engine bots or web robots. It is placed in the root directory of a website and acts as a guidebook for search engine crawlers, informing them which pages to crawl or avoid. In essence, robots.txt allows website owners to exert control over how search engines interact with their site, influencing search engine optimization (SEO) efforts.

Why is Robots.txt Important for SEO?

Robots.txt is vital for SEO as it enables website owners to manage the flow of organic search traffic effectively. By controlling which pages search engine bots can access, owners can prevent the indexing of irrelevant or duplicate content, ensuring that search engines focus on crawling and indexing the most valuable pages on their website. This is particularly important for larger websites with numerous pages, as it helps search engines prioritize crawling efforts and reduces the likelihood of wasting resources on unimportant or low-quality content.

Moreover, robots.txt aids in preventing sensitive information or confidential data from being exposed to search engine bots. By specifying which directories or files to disallow, website owners can protect sensitive areas that shouldn\’t be indexed or accessed by the public. This feature is especially crucial for websites that deal with user data, login credentials, or proprietary information, as it helps ensure privacy and security.

How Does Robots.txt Work?

When a search engine bot visits a website, it first looks for the robots.txt file in the root directory. If present, the bot reads the instructions outlined within the file before proceeding with the crawling process. The robots.txt file uses a specific syntax and a set of rules to define what search engine bots are allowed or disallowed to access.

The syntax typically consists of two main components: user-agent and disallow. The user-agent identifies the specific search engine bot to which the instructions apply, while the disallow directive specifies the directories, files, or patterns that the bot should not crawl or index. By using wildcards, operators, and specific path directives, website owners can communicate targeted instructions to different search engine bots.

It is important to note that robots.txt serves as a voluntary protocol for search engines to respect. While most search engine bots follow the instructions provided in this file, it is possible for some bots or malicious actors to ignore them. Therefore, it is crucial to rely on additional measures, such as meta tags or password protection, to further secure sensitive content.

Best Practices for Robots.txt

To ensure the effectiveness of the robots.txt file, several best practices should be followed:

1. Familiarize yourself with the syntax: Understand the correct syntax and format of the robots.txt file to avoid errors that may inadvertently block search engine bots from accessing desired content.

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2. Test and validate: Regularly test and validate the robots.txt file using online tools or search engine-specific validation tools to verify its correctness and ensure it does not block essential pages.

3. Be specific and granular: Use specific directives to allow or disallow access to directories or files. Avoid blocking entire sections of the website unnecessarily, as this may limit search engine visibility for valuable content.

4. Use comments: Include comments within the robots.txt file to enhance readability and provide additional context for future website administrators or developers.

5. Avoid sensitive information exposure: Ensure that sensitive information, login pages, or confidential files are not accidentally available to search engine bots. Double-check the disallow directives to safeguard critical areas of your website.

6. Update regularly: Regularly review and update the robots.txt file to reflect any changes in website structure, content, or SEO goals. This ensures that search engines continue to follow the correct crawling instructions.

By adhering to these best practices, website owners can optimize their robots.txt file for maximum control over search engine bots, better crawl prioritization, improved SEO outcomes, and enhanced security.


Robots.txt is an essential tool for website owners and SEO professionals to guide search engine bots through their website. By leveraging this text file, website owners can influence search engine crawling, prioritize important pages, and protect sensitive information. Understanding the syntax and best practices associated with robots.txt empowers website administrators to optimize their website\’s visibility, security, and overall SEO performance.

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